Why People Go Hungry | by Kenneth J. Arrow | The New York Review of BooksThe main focus of this book is on the causation of starvation in general and of famines in particular. The traditional analysis of famines concentrates on food supply. This is shown to be fundamentally defective—it is theoretically unsound, empirically inept, and dangerously misleading for policy. Aside from developing the underlying theory, the approach is used in a number of case studies of recent famines, including the Great Bengal Famine of , the Ethiopian fam Aside from developing the underlying theory, the approach is used in a number of case studies of recent famines, including the Great Bengal Famine of , the Ethiopian famines of and , the Bangladesh famine of , and the famines in the countries of the African Sahel in the s.
Poverty and Famines : An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation
Sooner or later this set of entitlement relations is going to come to an end - and we are going to be faced with something like a brute extra-legal possession. The author clearly and concisely maps out the relationships between individuals and their methods of obtaining food? Jun 27, Kristoffer rated it it was amazing. And therefore the future tragedies can be avoided.
The main issue highlighted is the predominance of distributional issues. It is not the characteristic of there being not enough food to eat. International Rel Details if other :.
Absolute scarcity — insufficient food to feed everyone — is extraordinarily rare. Vastly more common is for an adequate supply of food to be beyond the reach of those who need it most. Sen advocates shifting our attention from questions of food availability to questions of distribution, or to the social systems that guide this distribution.
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Much about poverty is obvious enough. One does not need elaborate criteria, cunning measurement, or probing analysis, to recognize raw poverty and to understand its antecedents. It would be natural to be impatient with long-winded academic studies on 'poor naked wretches' with 'houseless heads and unfed sides' and 'loop'd and windowed raggedness', to use King Lear's graphic description. And furthermore it may also be the case, as Lear told the blind Gloucester, that 'a man may see how this world goes with no eyes'. There is indeed much that is transparent about poverty and misery. But not everything about poverty is quite so simple.
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He is a trustee of Economists for Peace and Security. And therefore the future tragedies can be avoided. He empirically shows that famine has other causal mechanisms entirely. He analyses the occupational status of the victims in Wollo and identifies and discusses the most susceptible groups-the nomadic pastoralists and the agriculturalist.